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Crystal Palace, an impressive building, very important for England, was built in 1851 in Victorian times in Hyde Park, United Kingdom to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. Joseph Paxton, a passionate after gardening and architecture, created Crystal Palace floor plan with exquisite beauty. The building was not only a major tourist attraction, but also of discussion today. I decided to talk to you about this important building for London, because it was made of cast iron, wrought iron, wood and glass. All metals together have created this architectural marvel. The Architect used wrought iron and cast iron as the main frame because the building was intended from the start to be a special one, tall, impressive through strength, and that is exactly what wrought iron transmits. The style chosen by the architect is a simple one, but the wrought iron blends so well with glass and wrought iron beauty is emphasized by sunlight that penetrated the impressive building, with all its corners. The imposing building offered a spectacle of light, color, craftsmanship and architectural taste as well as a lesson in using wrought iron. Cast iron columns were created. More than 1,000 iron columns supported 2,224 trellis girders and 30 miles of guttering, comprising 4,000 tonnes of iron in all. The designer opted for wrought iron, as is a hard metal resistant, it presents a minimal risk of breakage during extrusion resistance structure of the building. In addition, wrought iron is conserved well, not so easily corroded and ensuring strength.First, stakes were driven into the ground to roughly mark out the positions for the cast iron columns; these points were then set precisely by theodolite measurements. Then the concrete foundations were poured, and the base plates for the columns were set into them. Once the foundations were in place, the erection of the modules proceeded rapidly. Connector brackets were attached to the top of each column before erection, and these were then hoisted into position. Since the project took place before the development of powered cranes, the raising of the columns was done manually using sheers (or shear-legs), a simple crane mechanism. These consisted of two strong poles, which were set several meters apart at the base and then lashed together at the top to form a triangle; this was stabilized and kept vertical by guy ropes fixed to the apex, stretched taut and tied to stakes driven into the ground some distance away. Using pulleys and ropes hung from the apex of the sheer, the navvies hoisted the columns, girders and other parts into place. As soon as two adjacent columns had been erected, a girder was hoisted into place between them and bolted onto the connectors. The columns were erected in opposite pairs, then two more girders were connected to form a self-supporting square - this was the basic frame of each module. The sheers would then be moved along and an adjoining bay constructed. When a reasonable number of bays had been completed, the columns for the upper floor were erected (longer shear-legs were used for this, but the operation was essentially the same as for the ground floor). Once the ground floor structure was complete, the final assembly of the upper floor followed rapidly. For the glazing, Paxton used larger versions of machines he had originally devised for the Great Stove at Chatsworth, installing on-site production line systems, powered by steam engines, that dressed and finished the building parts. These included a machine that mechanically grooved the wooden window sash bars, and a painting machine that automatically dipped the parts in paint and then passed them through a series of rotating brushes to remove the excess. The last major components to be put into place were the sixteen semi-circular ribs of the vaulted transept, which were also the only major structural parts that were made of wood. These were raised into position as eight pairs, and all were fixed into place within a week. Thanks to the simplicity of Paxton's design and the combined efficiency of the building contractor and their suppliers, the entire structure was assembled with extraordinary speed - the team of 80 glaziers could fix more than 18,000 panes of sheet glass in a week - and the building was complete and ready to receive exhibits in just five months. When completed, The Crystal Palace provided an unrivaled space for exhibits, since it was essentially a self-supporting shell standing on slim iron columns, with no internal structural walls whatsoever. Because it was covered almost entirely in glass, it also needed no artificial lighting during the day, thereby reducing the Exhibition's running costs. Crystal Palace is a good example for wrought iron as a base building material not only in the manufacturing of accessories, chairs, tables and other wrought iron furniture but as pillars and components used in the construction of a building. Purity, flexibility, strength, decreased risk of breakage, corrosion of wrought iron, greatly easing the designer of a building. In addition, do not forget that in this case, Crystal Palace, Londoners today presents a fascinating building with an architecture well done, with great advantage was the use of wrought iron.
Wrought iron beds with headboard are extremely romantic, elegant, inspire taste and can be found allover the world. But a bed with a wrought iron headboard, painted white, can sometimes be boring. What do you do? Change it? Paint it? What should I do? Here are some tips to decorate white headboard wrought iron beds. 1. To bring a touch of color to wrought iron headboard, thus highlighting the beauty and elegance of wrought iron, opt for pastel shades that you use on wrought iron headboard. Thus, the atmosphere changes slightly-easier, especially if you had the impression that white bored and not sends out more. Note that by carefully choosing a warm shade, wrought iron headboard can be placed in sight. 2. To accentuate the beauty and elegance of wrought iron beds, especially backgammon, buy some accessories. Take into account pillows, bedding, blanket, etc.. damask, fine materials, sleek, whose colors will be complementary to the wrought iron headboards. You can choose the same color, but there small motifs, in good taste, to fit in the same style. Be very careful when choosing models pillows, blanket, ie linen. Observe closely the lines, fabric, if fit elegantly wrought iron headboards. 3. To create impressive contrasts, you can choose different colors of pillows, but the patterns must match the ones on the wrought iron headboards. The effect will be a top grade. Once inside the room, guests will look first at the wrought iron bed with headboard. 4. Add color to the room, buy curtains for windows that have either a shade different from that of wrought iron headboards or the same color, but fine patterns, precious different colors that stand out. 5. A connection between decorative motifs on linen, curtains and wrought iron headboards color can be achieved by buying a small carpet. This model must be chosen carefully, to present models to convey the same idea, complete image created of wrought iron furniture and accessories rest. That's why this piece, the decorative mat can unify the good taste note the the wrought iron bed in decorated with. Finally, the atmosphere will seem airy, fresh, welcoming, as befits a room decorated with wrought iron furniture.
Wrought iron racks for storing wine bottles are attractive, elegant, combining functionality and aesthetics and can decorate an empty space in the house, a wall undeveloped, which shows no enhancement, paintings, mirrors etc. Wrought iron brackets, for storing wine bottles can be used both for home planning, as well as in other places such as restaurants, pubs, etc. Wrought iron racks bring good taste, refinement, complete an already chosen style and tell a tale about owner's wine preferences. But making such a wrought iron wine rack requires attention and concentration, for that once you have placed the wine bottles, wrought iron holder must withstand weight. Here's how to proceed if you want to assemble such a wrought iron wine rack on the wall. First you choose the right wall having the right exposure for the wrought iron wine rack. Must be an easily visible wall, not covered by furniture or accessories. If it is a pub, most likely the wall of the bar will do perfectly. If it's interior house design what we're talking about, a good place to stand for a wrought iron wine rack is the kitchen. Choose a wall that is not full of paintings, shelves, cupboards etc. and get ready for the actual mounting of the bracket. For the wrought iron bracket mounting onto the wall, you need: a drill, screws, screwdriver and a pencil. First time just take a look at the wrought iron rack designed for fitting onto the wall. It must have some holes for support. Depending on the number of holes and their size, take the drill and pierce the wall, not before drawing with the pencil small marks on the wall, where the holes will be drilled to support the wrought iron wine rack. Holes should not be too large nor too small. After having drilled the wall, stick the screws into the wrought iron rack holes force them into the wall using your screwdriver. Upon completion of this stage, screws securely support wrought iron rack, so wrought iron rack will not give under the weight of the bottles. Wrought iron rack should not move, and be firmly fixated onto the wall. In addition, wrought iron wine rack must not be loaded beyond normal capacity, that is, with more bottles as this may affect the wrought iron wine rack. If you do not need a wall mounted wrought iron rack, you can purchase one for sitting on a table, perhaps a wrought iron table, as there are many designs and finishes for wrought iron racks for storing bottles of wine. Racks are made of wood, plastic and iron. Depending on the style chosen for the surroundings we may choose the material of the rack to blend in with the design. If it is a sumptuous place, we will opt for a clean style, conservative, in which a wrought iron rack will be perfect. Also, if you have the house decorated with wrought iron furniture, wrought iron support for wine is mostly welcomed. So do not hesitate to buy such accessories in wrought iron.